In a nutshell, it can be explained by encouraging independent work and assessment, strengthening of the knowledge acquired through practical activities, while also allowing students to approach complex individual projects that are normally not covered by regular classes because of insufficient time.
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- Education discipline – The homework creates a practice of regular work and systematic work by creating a routine daily activity, thus preparing young learners for higher education or intensive effort during the adult years that may be relevant for many jobs which are intellectually demanding.
- Work to expand and consolidate knowledge. Often only key points of a topic are examined during classwork and only a small number of exercises of a particular type are resolved. In contrast, homework involves extensive research, extensive lectures, and practice in solving exercises, all of which contribute to the consolidation of this knowledge.
- Provides students with the opportunity to work on their own, without interference or assistance from teachers or students. This may lead to greater trust in the independent execution of tasks.
- It enables individuals to learn at their own pace. It is no secret that styles of learning vary enormously between people. Some slow learners understand things in a much deeper sense, some are easier to learn with contents, questions, or tasks, others with dyslexia may need a lot more time to read but are perfectly intellectually capable.
- Help to collect material from classes. In case students do not understand the course material, it can be extremely helpful to complete the corresponding tasks in the classroom. Due to the close follow-up to homework, students could simply complete these tasks to understand or compensate for what they missed. In addition, the next lecture would help to deepen the subject.
- Enables complex projects to be worked out. There is limited time in class so that only relatively limited activities can be carried out. Meanwhile, only complex projects outside of the class are used to develop certain independent research, thinking, writing, and planning abilities.
- Builds responsibility – while learners might feel their teachers or lecturers are partially responsible for what they understand in class, with homework, they have a much more acute sense of responsibility.
All these positive effects of homework justify the beneficial role of education systems worldwide and their extensive use. Importantly, these advantages of homework come from not only further studying, but also different studies.