Please responde to the following person’s responses to the question in 185-200 words for each question.
Responses should be scholarly and add value to the the question prompt. Please include intext citation and reference in APA format for each questions. Please utilize each questions as a header when responding.
Discuss healthy parental discipline. What happens if parents let their children do whatever they want?
To discipline is to teach. Children are still learning about the world around them. They are learning rules and attempting to apply them to a broad schema. By correcting faulty perceptions, they can begin to understand the perspective of another, planting the seeds for empathy. This reframing can help them fill in holes in their logic and reinforce the connection of the behavior and the consequence and serve to correct the thought process as well as the behavior. Just like no one therapy method works for one person, no one discipline technique works on each child. I believe parents should have regular discussions about how they can handle disciple issues with love, choosing a technique prior to an incident and implementing it consistently. Discipline styles vary not only around the world but even home to home and child to child. If parents choose to implement corporal punishment, it should be done in early childhood and never in anger.
Children who are rarely, if ever, disciplined, generally fall into two categories. The first is neglect, and that is a criminal matter with lasting psychological results on the child. The second, overly permissive parent, holds few standards for the child with a low expectation of maturity. This style of parenting can often lead to children, “who lack self-control, especially in the give and take of peer relationships. Inadequate emotional regulation makes them immature and impedes friendships, so they are unhappy” (Berger, 2017, p. 274). To protect from Erikson states, “Consistent affirmation coupled with firm guidance must protect the child from the potential anarchy of the as yet untrained sense of discrimination, the inability to hold on and let go with discretion” (Fowler, 1981, p. 60).
How should adults answer when children ask, “Why?”
Adults should promote learning by addressing the question. Frequently adults feel some questions by children is a sign of defiance or disrespect. However, adults should serve as a guide instead of responding defensively; it’s natural to inquire “why”. “Humans of all ages want explanations.” (Berger, p. 240).
Discuss Fowler’s Stage 1 and state why you agree or disagree with this stage.
I do basically agree with Fowler’s definition of spiritual development at this age. I think that children at ages 3 to 6 do largely learn about God and heaven and faith in general from stories they are told by trusted adults in their lives. They also learn from the interactions they can observe from these same adults. Whereas Fowler is pretty rigid in how he thinks children learn and mature and allows very little room for the differences that are evident in different children, I agree that this time in a child’s life is extremely important in spiritual