The government, in its counter-terrorism efforts, has aggressively sought to access private information such as emails and telephone calls of large numbers of non-citizens and citizens alike. Do you believe this practice is necessary to protect society? Should additional restrictions be placed on this practice? Please explain your reasoning when answering these two questions.
You are a soldier in Iraq and have taken pictures of fellow soldiers engaging in various acts of abuse and torture. What, if anything, would you do with the pictures? What ethical system most accurately supports your decision, “ethical formalism” or “utilitarianism?”